Authors: Nick J. Cooke a; Lauren Rodgers b; David Rawlings c; Andrew W. McCaskie d; James P. Holland d
a North Tees and Hartlepool Hospital,
b Statistics Department, University of Newcastle,
c Medical Physics and,
d Orthopaedics, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Background Resurfacing is a popular alternative to a standard hip replacement in young arthritic patients. Despite bone preservation around the femoral component, there is little information regarding the bone quality.
Patients and methods 32 patients underwent consecutive Birmingham hip resurfacing. The bone density of the femoral neck was measured preoperatively and then at 6 weeks, 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years. The femoral neck was divided into regions of interest. Results were available for 27 hips in 26 patients.
Results The overall femoral neck bone density showed a trend towards a decrease at 6 weeks and 3 months but returned to the preoperative level at 1 year, and was maintained at 2 years. The combined superior regions of the neck showed a statistically significant decrease in bone density at 6 weeks and 3 months. This returned to preoperative levels at 1 year and was maintained at 2 years.
Interpretation Bone density appears to decrease at 6 weeks and 3 months, suggesting that care is necessary until bone density begins to recover.